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Senate Bill 2099

S. 2099

To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to require the registration of handguns, and for other purposes.

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

February 24, 2000

Mr. REED introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Finance

A BILL

To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to require the registration of handguns, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

bulletThis Act may be cited as the `Handgun Safety and Registration Act of 2000'.

SEC. 2. REGISTRATION OF HANDGUNS.

bullet(a) HANDGUN INCLUDED IN DEFINITION OF FIREARM-
bullet(1) IN GENERAL- Section 5845(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (defining firearm) is amended by striking `and (8) a destructive device' and inserting `(8) a handgun; and (9) a destructive device'.
bullet(2) DEFINITION OF HANDGUN- Section 5845 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (relating to definitions) is amended by adding at the end the following:
bullet`(n) HANDGUN-
bullet`(1) IN GENERAL- The term `handgun' means any weapon (including a starter gun) which--
bullet`(A) is designed to or may be readily converted to expel a projectile by the action of an explosive, and
bullet`(B) has a short stock and is designed to be held and fired by the use of a single hand.
bullet`(2) DISASSEMBLED PARTS INCLUDED- Such term shall also include the frame or receiver of any such weapon, and any combination of parts from which a handgun can be assembled if such parts are in the possession or under the control of a person.
bullet`(3) EXCLUSION- Such term shall not include a firearm classified as `any other weapon' under subsection (e).'.
bullet(b) TRANSFER TAX IMPOSED ON HANDGUNS- Section 5811(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (relating to rate) is amended by inserting `or as a handgun under section 5845(a)(8)' after `section 5845(e)'.
bullet(c) TAX ON MAKING FIREARMS IMPOSED ON HANDGUNS- Section 5821(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (relating to rate) is amended by inserting `, except, the tax on any firearm classified as a handgun under section 5845(a)(8) shall be at the rate of $50 for each such firearm made' after `firearm made'.
bullet(d) IMPORTATION POLICY CONTINUED-
bullet(1) IN GENERAL- Section 5844 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (relating to importation) is amended by adding at the end the following: `This section shall not apply to any firearm classified as a handgun under section 5845(a)(8).'.
bullet(2) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- Section 925(d)(3) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting `(without regard to paragraph (8) thereof)' after `section 5845(a)'.
bullet(e) SHARING OF REGISTRATION INFORMATION WITH STATE AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES-
bullet(1) IN GENERAL- Section 6103(o) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (relating to disclosure of returns and return information with respect to certain taxes) is amended by adding at the end the following:
bullet`(3) TAXES IMPOSED ON TRANSFER OF HANDGUNS- Returns and return information with respect to taxes imposed by part II of subchapter A of chapter 53 (relating to tax on transferring firearms) on any firearm classified as a handgun under section 5845(a)(8) shall be available in an on-line format for inspection by or disclosure to officers and employees of--
bullet`(A) any Federal law enforcement agency, and
bullet`(B) any State or local law enforcement agency,
whose official duties require such inspection or disclosure.'.
bullet(2) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS- Section 6103(p)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended--
bullet(A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)--
bullet(i) by striking `or (o)(1)' and inserting `(o)(1), or (o)(3)(A)',
bullet(ii) by striking `or (l)(6)' and inserting `(l)(6)',
bullet(iii) by inserting `or (o)(3)(B),' after `(16),', and
bullet(B) in subparagraph (F)(i)--
bullet(i) by striking `or (l)(6)' and inserting `(l)(6)', and
bullet(ii) by inserting `or (o)(3)(B),' after `(16),', and
bullet(C) in subparagraph (F)(ii), by striking `or (o)(1)' and inserting `, (o)(1), or (o)(3)(A)'.
bullet(f) TRANSITION RULE FOR NONREGISTERED HANDGUNS-
bullet(1) IN GENERAL- Any person possessing any firearm classified as a handgun under section 5845(a)(8) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 not registered in the National Firearms Registration and Transfer Record maintained by the Secretary of the Treasury under section 5841 of such Code shall register such handgun--
bullet(A) within 1 year of the date of the enactment of this Act, or
bullet(B) upon the transfer of such handgun before such 1 year anniversary date.
bullet(2) TREATMENT OF REGISTRATION AS TRANSFER- For purposes of any tax imposed by part II of subchapter A of chapter 53 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (relating to tax on transferring firearms) on any firearm classified as a handgun under section 5845(a)(8) of such Code, any registration of such handgun under paragraph (1)(A) shall be considered a transfer of such handgun.
bullet(3) NONAPPLICATION OF PENALTY- Section 5861(d) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 shall not apply with respect to the possession of any handgun before the date of the registration of such handgun under paragraph (1).
bullet(g) PROVISION OF REGISTRATION FORMS-
bullet(1) AVAILABILITY- To promote and assist compliance with the handgun registration requirements under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended by this section, the Secretary of the Treasury shall make available such registration and fingerprint forms as may be required by the public for compliance with such requirements--
bullet(A) to State and local law enforcement agencies and facilities of the Department of the Treasury throughout the States, the United States Postal Service, and such other agencies and departments of the Federal Government as the Secretary determines would aid in making such forms available to the public; and
bullet(B) through the Internet in a downloadable format.
bullet(2) SINGLE FORM- The Secretary of the Treasury shall make available registration forms that allow an individual to register the possession or transfer of more than 1 firearm classified as a handgun under section 5845(a)(8) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 on a single form.
bullet(h) PROGRAM OF PUBLIC AWARENESS- Within 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Treasury shall commence a program to broaden public awareness of the handgun registration requirements under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended by this section. Such program may include voluntary cooperative efforts with Federal, State, and local law enforcement agencies and public service announcements as deemed appropriate by the Secretary.
bullet(i) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for the Secretary of the Treasury to carry out the provisions of and amendments made by this Act.
bullet(j) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by this section shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.
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